Posts Tagged ‘Conservation’

Dave Allen, Keeper of Archaeology at Hampshire Museums service writes…

A current project at Basing House is the provision of a ‘viewing platform’ on the crest of the Norman ringwork and during a recent visit to look at the foundation pits for the platform supports I was ‘presented’ with a splendid example of a Palaeolithic handaxe, found in the associated service trench. 

When the works project manager called me to say it was a good time to take a look he mentioned that one of his team had found a flint handaxe.  As lumps of flint are common at Basing and handaxes are rare in northern Hampshire I had my doubts, but it turned out to be an absolute peach of an example (see photo). It’s a roughly hand-sized tool about 13cms long and the working edge, around most of the circumference, is still very fresh. The whole axe has a white ‘patina’ from being buried in chalky soil but the flint would originally have been grey in colour.


Handaxes like these belong, of course, in the Old Stone Age or Palaeolithic.  They were the multi-purpose tools of our earliest ancestors and can date back as much as half a million years.  There have been a few Middle Stone Age flint finds at Basing before, but they go back only 10,000 years, so this new discovery is a fantastic reminder of a time when small groups of humans roamed the landscape hunting woolly mammoth, wild horses, reindeer and aurochs.

 And then….

A couple of weeks after the handaxe discovery at Basing House, the call came through that another unusual find had been made at the site.  Those familiar with the place will know that what is missing at Basing is the ‘House’.  When Oliver Cromwell and his forces took Basing in a final assault in October 1645, and trashed what had once been ‘the greatest of any subject’s house in England, yea larger than most of the King’s palaces’ Parliament compounded the episode by declaring that anybody could take away brick and stone from the ruins ‘and keep it for their pains’.  This invitation to treat the site as a quarry was taken up with gusto, and only the Great Barn survived intact.

Most of the foundations remained, however, and many of these were revealed during the excavations of the 1880s to carved stone head1910.  In exploring floor levels and cellars, Lord Bolton’s gardeners found numerous architectural fragments, some of which – like the stone corbels featuring sculpted human heads  (see photo) – were actually built into the walls of the ’Bothy’, the small house constructed at the time as the site museum.  No detailed study of these fragments has yet taken place, although it is hoped that this omission will be remedied soon.  

Tudor fireplace

The news that an in situ fireplace had come to light was therefore of considerable interest.  Brickwork conservation is a constant theme at Basing and the ravages of the two hard winters we’ve experienced recently have required a good deal of remedial work.  This particular section of loose brickwork was near to the location of the viewing platform and it had clearly been built against an interior wall – a plastered wall – although it’s difficult to be certain just when.  Some modifications took place during the life of the building, some at the death, when the defences were strengthened, some after the Restoration, when the area was probably turned into a garden, and some following the excavations a century ago.  The fact that the wall removed was very ‘rough and ready’ make it a candidate for the most recent of those potential episodes, but it is built on firmer foundations that may well be of 17th century date.  Be that as it may, the fireplace is undoubtedly of 16th origin, probably of Caen stone.  We will be looking through the fragments we have in store to see if there is anything to compare.

Another mystery is just what did the fireplace serve?  The perimeter wall, the plastered wall, has quite definite returns to both east and west (putting the fireplace at the centre).  It also has a series of fixing holes suggesting that it was originally covered with oak panelling, but there is no clear indication of how far the room extended into the interior.  We may well be able to investigate the area in a little more detail during the summer.  If any of the floor level associated with the hearth remains in situ, then perhaps a basic sequence can be established.

Forthcoming Excavations

From 22nd July to 11th August the University of Southampton Archaeology Department, working alongside Hampshire County Council Museums Service and volunteers from the Basingstoke Archaeology and History Society,  will be running a training excavation at Basing House for undergraduate and postgraduate Archaeology students.  The team will be expanding on a recent geophysical survey of the grounds, as well as re-excavating trenches not investigated since 1962  and carrying out an extensive building survey of the remains of the Old House.

On Tuesday and Thursday afternoons during the excavation, the archaeologists will be running free drop-in sessions (normal admission charge applies) including: An Introduction to Osteo-archaeology, Geophysics for Beginners, and New Recording Techniques for Archaeology, and lots more! Why not come along and see how the dig is going, and try your hand at archaeology?

For more information about the work of  University of Southampton Archaeology Department at Basing House see their blog.


Read Full Post »

Hampshire County Council is delighted to announce that following the award of a new grant of £630,000 from the Heritage Lottery Fund it is now able to embark on Phase 2 of its development and conservation project.   This new project will continue to build on the original master plan to ensure that Basing House is developed to support the ambitions for conserving the historic buildings for future generations and encouraging more people to visit or get involved with researching or looking after the  site.

This blog will keep you up to date with the works as they progress over the next few months.

The main aims of the Phase 2 Project  

Aim 1

The ‘Cow Byre’ building in the Basing GrangeThe Cow Byre complex of former farm buildings (around the  Great Barn)  received structural repairs in Phase 1  to prevent further weakening. It will now be refurbished to complete the transformation of Basing Grange as a key part of the visitor and learning experience and as a home for community activities.  

The Cow Byre will be fitted out to support practical and hands-on activities related to the ongoing research into Basing House’s history and archaeology, and the nurturing and development of skills – past, present and future – that both created Basing House and will be required to support the ongoing investigation and conservation of the site. 

The byre will be available for use by community groups, for example by the Friends of Basing House or the Basingstoke Archaeology & History Society, using it as a base for their activities on the site. Groups would be encouraged to create their own exhibitions and provide workshops to support public understanding of the site, its history and conservation.  

Basing House will also facilitate the use of this space by partners (like Basingtoke Technology College and the Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust) to support the development and teaching of heritage and conservation skills.

 Aim 2

To improve the understanding of the complex remains of Basing House by both restoring access to the cellars of the William Paulet’s Tudor house and installing a high-level viewing platform which will provide a birds-eye view of the remains of the Norman castle, the Tudor house, the Civil War defensive earthworks, and Basingstoke Common (site of the Oliver Cromwell’s main siege camp) and Old Basing village. Basing House is a key site in the county council’s ‘Learning Outside the Classroom’ programme and this platform will become an important part of the experience for schools visiting the site as well as the general public.

Viewing platform (illustration)

Viewing platform (illustration)

Click here to see the  Viewing Platform location on a site plan.

Aim 3

To undertake a comprehensive conservation programme on the brickwork remains in order to prevent further loss of the important Tudor architectural features of the first Basing House in the ‘Citadel’ area of the site, and also ensure safe public access.

The brickwork remains are always vulnerable to severe weather conditons, as was proved in January 2010 when many consecutive nights of very hard frost and heavy snowfall caused the worst damage in living memory. Further damage occurred in the November that year. The proposed repair and conservation programme will be comprehensive and designed to provide long-term protection

January 2010

January 2010

Frost damage

An example of frost damage

Read Full Post »

Basing House has won the 2012 Conservation Award at the SCALA Civic Building of the Year Awards – the most prestigious building design awards in the public sector.
The awards presented by SCALA – the Society of Chief Architects of Local Authorities – were announced at the Civic Building of the Year & Presidential Dinner 2012 in Manchester.
The judges said of the Hampshire County Council Property Services’ project: “Subtle adaptations and alterations have been carefully introduced to give a new purpose to this magnificent collection of historic buildings. The skills of all concerned with this beautiful piece of work deserve high recognition and reward.”
Basing House conservation project, funded with help from the Heritage Lottery Fund, was praised for the clear research, care and attention given to preserving and restoring the historic detail of the site.
The capital works were led by Hampshire County Council’s award-winning conservation architects team.  

Read Full Post »

Apologies to all our readers that it’s been so long since the last update. With only 7 weeks to go before Basing House re-opens for “Preview fortnight” on 14th August this is an incredibly busy time for the team. The good news is that although there are a thousand and one things still do the project remains on track.  

New Operations Manager joins the staff

The big news is that Basing House now has its new Operations Manager! We welcome Claire Capel into her new post and wish her every success. We look forward to working with her. Claire will do her best to meet as many local residents as she can in the coming weeks.   

Construction and Conservation

On the construction side highlights of the past few months have been the completion of the new tile roof on the Little Barn and all of the ‘first fit’ electrical work, the laying of limecrete floors in the Learning and & Community Centre, the completion of the toilets at Garrison Gate and the museum, and the start of work on the new museum space. Villagers will have noticed too that our new tourist road signs have been installed.   

New roofs…

...and new floors…


From next week and for several weeks there is likely to be some disruption to traffic on The Street and Basing Road while a new broadband service for the village is installed, and also the new road crossing at Garrison Gate and water supply for Basing Grange. The County Council will do it all it can to minimise disruption but ask residents to be patient while this essential work is carried out, or find alternative routes.   


An introductory meeting for prospective volunteers was held on Saturday 8th May, which was attended by 21 people including some existing Friends of Basing House.  

If you wish to find out more about sort of activities that you might become involved in as a volunteer and the training that we can offer please send in your details via the form on the ‘Future Plans’ page of our website.  There will be another introductory meeting at Basing House on 10th July.  Induction for new volunteers will start at the beginning of August.   


Behind the scenes the main emphasis now is on putting the marketing plan into action. Look out for changes to our website very soon. There will be lots of new information on display, for example about our new opening times, admission prices, and forthcoming events.   

A new tourist sign

Interpretation & Exhibition

Exhibition consultants PLB Projects are putting the final touches to all the graphics for the site information points and these will go into production very soon. Also progressing well is preparation of the sound track for the Great Barn audio-visual presentation and of the site models. Meanwhile the Museum Service’s own exhibition team is forging ahead with putting together the new museum display.   

August Bank Holiday – a date for your diary!

The centrepiece of the celebrations to mark our re-opening will happen on August Bank Holiday weekend, when there will be whole series of exciting things going on both on-site at Basing House and on Basingstoke Common next door.  Highlights will be two magnificent (and fierce!) Civil War battle re-enactments performed by The Sealed Knot telling the story of the long sieges and final dramatic downfall of Basing House to Oliver Cromwell’s Parliamentary army on the fateful morning of 13 October 1645.   

The Sealed Knot in action!

The Sealed Knot in action!

Look out for more information coming on our website shortly.

Read Full Post »

Cabling in the Great Barn

Building works

Main contractor to the project, Durtnell & Sons, continue to maintain good progress.

Highlights are the completion of the extensive repairs to the Orchard Wall (which is really the remains of at least 3 successive walls dating back centuries!), and the stripping of the old corrugated metal roof of the Little Barn at Basing Grange, which will be replaced with handmade tiles. Work is well advanced, too, on adapting the little store building which will become the ‘gateway’ from/to Basing Grange, on refurbishing the WC block near Garrison Gate, and on the new accessible toilet near the museum.

Work has now begun too on the museum in The Lodge, and Museum Service staff are well advanced with their plans for the new exhibition.

The Little Barn minus roof!

The works on the barns at Basing Grange began after Easter, following the granting of a “bat licence” by Natural England. This “European Protected Species Licence” is a permit to carry out such work but also safeguards the bats resident on the site. The licence application was prepared by consultants Thomson Ecology on behalf of the County Council. Thomsons carried out extensive surveys in 2009 to identify the presence of any protected species and then went on to identify the roosting bat species found to be present and to advise on measures that should be taken to protect them during the works and after.

The surveys found roosts for Brown Long-eared, Soprano Pipistrelle, and Common Pipistrelle bats at Basing Grange. Measures being taken now, under licence, seek to ensure that bats are not left without a roost during the works and that, once works are complete, enhanced roosting opportunities will be available.

Education and Interpretation

PLB Projects Ltd, Interpretation and Exhibition Design specialists, are now finalising their graphic designs for the information points, and are about to begin recording for the podcast and the Great Barn audio-visual presentation. Construction of 2 specially-commissioned site models is also under way.

The Museum Service’ education team have been busy consulting with primary schools and secondary schools across the county. Responses have been very positive and bookings are starting to come in.

Events programme

A programme of events for August and on into next year is being put together. To mark the re-opening of Basing House a spectacular Civil War event is being planned for August bank holiday. Watch out for news on that on that soon.

Staff and Volunteers

A new Operations Manager for Basing House has been appointed and will take up post at the beginning of June. Other members of the team will be recruited soon.

It is great to see so many people putting their names forward as volunteers. On May 8th from 2 – 4pm a special meeting for potential volunteers will be held on site. If you wish to find out more about sort of activities that you might become involved in as a volunteer and the training that we can offer please send in your details via the form on our website.

Traffic management

The design for a pedestrian road crossing outside Garrison Gate has now been finalised by the council’s Transport team and a start date for the works will be announced soon. A scheme for tourist road signs has also been approved. These news signs will direct visitor traffic from the ‘A road’ network to our public car park off Barton’s Lane, avoiding Old Basing village.

Coming next…

Recruit remaining staff
Sign up volunteers for training
Sign off final Interpretation designs and begin production
Finalise marketing and communications plans
Receive on-site services – telecoms, gas and electricity
Finalise scheme for The Bothy Tearoom and commission work to begin
Obtain Scheduled Monument Consent for new footbridge over bailey ditch (west side)
Announce date re-opening and admission prices
Finalise and announce plans for launch events

Shooting video for the new museum display

Read Full Post »

You may remember our last conservation-themed post where the Conservator (Archaeology) for Hampshire County Council very kindly provided us with information about the conservation work that had been done on a beautiful jug that was being prepared for inclusion in the museum here at Basing House. The museum is currently being refurbished and this has provided an excellent opportunity to look at the object collection for Basing House and to do some work on the conservation of some of these objects.

The Conservator (Archaeology) has provided the following post:

Dust, dirt, and the cleaning of a Civil War armour backplate

The dangers of over-cleaning in conservation are often underlined, but it is necessary at times to remove particulate (termed ‘particulate’ because it is carried as tiny particles in the atmosphere) dirt from museum objects before it becomes bonded – sometimes chemically – with the surfaces or past restorations/adhesives of an object. It will then be much harder to remove and may result in more invasive methods of cleaning such as wet or solvent cleaning, and as with all conservation, the less you have to do to the object the better!

Good object housekeeping is important. Dirt can attract and hold moisture, creating a harbour and a food source for pests, in turn attracting further dirt or causing damage to the object. Before any dirt is removed though, a conservator must examine it and identify whether it consists of loose or bonded particulates, whether is actually a coating, or perhaps a historic surface. Sometimes the dirt is an important part of the object – traces of food inside a vessel for instance. This is why conservation cleaning is carried out by trained staff and professional conservators, using appropriate analytical equipment to determine what, if anything, is to be removed.

Conserving the Iron Backplate

This iron backplate is one of the many objects that came into the lab for routine surface cleaning before redisplay. It had been on display at Basing Lodge Museum for a number of years, and a substantial amount of particulate and bonded dust and dirt had built up on the surface.

Backplate before treatment.

Backplate before treatment.

Initially, loose particulate dirt was removed from using a soft brush and a museum vacuum cleaner. Bonded dirt was then removed using a specially modified rubber ‘molecular trap’ – a sticky substance which will lift dirt without leaving any residue. It takes a long time to roll a small ball of the trap over just a small part of the surface, but it can be a very effective method of dry cleaning.

Cleaning with modified rubber molecular trap.

Cleaning with modified rubber molecular trap.

It became more evident during this stage that in fact the old protective coating beneath the dirt – apparently a type of resinous material – had become aged and yellowed. It was also cracking in places where thickly applied, and was scratched through in others. Aged and deteriorated adhesives, resins and coatings carry their own problems – they also attract dirt and pests, and as they deteriorate they too can become difficult to remove. It was decided to remove this particular coating since it was so damaged, and thought not to be of antiquity. This was achieved with wet solvent cleaning, using cotton swabs. Where thick, the softened coating was removed mechanically with a very sharp scalpel.

Solvent removal of coating from backplate.

Solvent removal of coating from backplate.

The coating was particularly crusty around areas where there are actually little fragments of original leather strap remaining – since leather dries out rapidly in the presence of certain solvents, care had to be taken to use one that would not shrink and crack these fragile remnants.

Particulate dirt around leather strap on backplate.

Particulate dirt around leather strap on backplate.

Remnants of leather strap after cleaning.

Remnants of leather strap after cleaning.

With the old coating removed, the appearance of the armour was much improved. A new coating of conservation grade microcrystalline wax was applied to the outer surface, replacing the protection afforded by the old coating, as well as enhancing the patina. To further reduce the risk of future damage, our new showcases have compartments for silica gel desiccant – giving us the option to lower the relative humidity of cases containing ironwork and slow the corrosion rate. We will also be keeping a close eye on objects to make sure the dust doesn’t build up again!

Backplate after cleaning - view 1.

Backplate after cleaning - view 1.

Backplate after cleaning - view 2.

Backplate after cleaning - view 2.

The armour will be returned to the Museum at Basing House displays when they re-open later this year.

Thank-you to Claire Chope, Conservator (Archaeology), for this post!

Read Full Post »

The exceptional wintry conditions in early January meant the loss of several days’ work, and the continuing low temperatures have prevented resumption of the repairs to the brickworks on the citadel. Sadly the frost has caused new damage, so the priority areas for repair now have to be re-assessed.

However, good progress is now being made on other things. Drains, paths and fences at Grange Farm and the site car park have been completed. The concessionary footpath around the Duke of Bolton’s field re-opened in mid December, and a small amount of work to improve accessibility on the riverside path was started and finished on 26 January. The driveway inside Garrison Gate has been resurfaced, and work continues on refurbishing the old W.C. block there. The old farmyard at Grange Farm is now being levelled and resurfaced, and work has begun on converting the outshot (or “lean-to”) into a staff room and storage area.

An application has been made to Natural England for a ‘bat licence’ to permit works to proceed in the barns and stables. Natural England will decide whether proposed measures to minimise disturbance to the bats will be effective. Their decision is due in early March.

The visitor centre complex at Grange Farm (barns, old stable block, farmyard, etc.) is to be renamed “Basing Grange” to distinguish it from the farmhouse, which is in private ownership.

Interior designs have been finalised for the Learning & Community Centre in the old stables and the visitor centre in the Little Barn.

Designs and costings for the The Bothy tearoom and the new museum in The Lodge are being finalised. Work continues on the conservation of objects that will go on display in the museum, and also in the Little Barn visitor centre.

Work has begun on designing the new footbridge which will carry visitors over the ditch on the west side of the bailey.

Scripting for all the information points and multimedia presentations is complete and the final design phase is about to begin.

Staff are also very busy planning the marketing and events programmes for the opening in late summer and beyond, and preparating the learning packs for teachers and consulting with schools.

Milestones expected to be reached over the next two months:

    • Complete all outstanding ground works
    • Complete refurbishment of main W.C. block
    • Complete design of new footbridge
    • Complete design of information points and multimedia presentations
    • Submit application for Scheduled Ancient Monument Consent for groundworks associated with information points and signage, and new footbridge
    • Begin refurbishment of buildings
    • Complete consultation with schools
    • Place orders for utility supplies – gas, water and telecomms

    Read Full Post »

Older Posts »